KACHUNG PLANTATION, UGANDA
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CDM: Reg. project number: 4653, April 2011
CCBS: Validated, June 2011
All carbon credits sold
Pine stand, Kachung
Co-ordinates: 1°47'51.82"N, 33°11'16.24"E
Altitude: 1,000m
Average annual rainfall: 1,250mm
Mean temperature: 28°C
Main rains: August-October
Pine: 21m3/ha/yr MAI, 20 year rotation
Euca: 23 m3/ha/yr MAI, 10 year rotation

Kachung plantation license area covers a total of 2,669 ha, of which approximately 2,050 ha are plantable with 546 ha set aside for conservation and 73 ha for infrastructure. In 2011 and 2012, 530 ha of new forest was established, making the total plantation size 2,016 ha mainly consisting of Pinus carribea hondurensis (90%) and various Eucalyptus species (9%). The plantation is fully planted. The company operates a commercial and SPGS Certified nursery that supplies seedlings for its operations as well as the regional and national markets.

The plantation focuses on sawlog and utility poles production. The wood will be sold on stump to local sawmillers, or Green Resources will establish its own medium to large log sawmill in Kachung. 20,000 ha of new pine forest has been established in Uganda over the last 5-10 years, and we expect a small log sawmill that can take most thinnings from these pine forests to be established in Uganda over the coming years.

Kachung Forest is located in the Dokolo District, 30 km south of Lira, on the Mombasa, Kenya to Juba, South Sudan main road. It is 345 km by road from Jinja and 380 km to Kampala, 258 km to the border of Kenya and 227 km to the South Sudan border. The road connections are good in all directions. The plantation is based on a tree planting permit issued by the National Forest Authority (Permit 4230) in 1999 and occupies most of the Kachung Central Forest Reserve. 1,300 ha of Kachung have benefited from financial and technical support from the EU/Norway-funded Sawlog Production Grant Scheme.

Kachung received FSC certification in 2011, half a year after the sister plantation in Bukaleba.

Pine trees for saw logs are being grown on 20-year rotations with an expected MAI of 21 m3/ha/yr while Eucalyptus for utility poles is grown on 10-year rotations with an expected MAI of 23 m3/ha/yr. The plantation is strategically located along Mombasa-Lira and Lira-Juba highways constituting the main, import and export routes in Uganda.

Carbon

Kachung Forest Project became the company’s first CDM project to be registered by the UNFCCC in 2011. The project was only the 5th A/R CDM project to be registered in Africa and was the first registered large-scale CDM project in Uganda. Carbon credits have been sold to the Swedish Energy Agency (SEA) in what is expected to be the world’s longest carbon transaction, with carbon contracted from 2012 through to 2032 in a deal worth over USD 4 mn. The project generated 30,492 tCO2e in its first verification(2006-2012) carried out by DNV, currently in the final request for review stage at UNFCCC and 240,000 tCO2e in expected in the 2017 second verification; all replacement credits will be bought by SEA as two ‘strings’. The project was validated under the CCBA in 2011.

Community development

The plantation is located within an old forest reserve and rented from the Government. Thus, Green Resources Uganda does not have the same community development obligations as is the case in Mozambique and Tanzania. However, the company has constructed a children’s ward at the local health centre, protects and renovates local water sources and with grant funding from NORAD the company has conducted a comprehensive HIV/AIDs sensitization program. 114,570 seedlings have been distributed, along with training for local woodlot establishment. establishment by mid May 2013 with a survival rate of 61%.The efficient energy saving cooking stove technology in 14 villages surrounding Kachung Central Forest Reserve has been implemented in collaboration with Agency for Rural Transformation (ART),a local NGO. The purpose of the project was to empower communities around the project with the skills to build efficient cooking stoves aiming at environmental conservation and mitigating and adapting to climate change.

Kachung - Standing plantation by year of establishment
In ha Pine Euc Other species Total
1996-2010 1,280 89 13 1,382
2011 301 35 0 336
2012 100 25 0 125
2013 51 33 0 84
2014 4 0 0 4
2015 0 0 0 0
Total 1,736 183 13 1,931
In % 90% 9% 1% 100%