BUKALEBA PLANTATION, UGANDA
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VCS: Reg. and Verified ID 799, March 2012
All carbon credits for sale—current volume available:25,350 VCUs
Eucalyptus plantation, Bukaleba
Co-ordinates: 0°25'42.87"N , 33°23'47.08"E
Bordering Lake Victoria to the South
Altitude: 1,100m
Average annual rainfall: 1,250mm
Mean temperature: 23°C
Main rains: March–May
Pine: 21m3/ha/yr MAI, 20 year rotation
Euca: 26 m3/ha/yr MAI, 11 year rotation

The total area is 9,165 ha, out of which 4,310 ha is standing plantation forest comprising of 76% of Pinus carribaea, 21% of Eucalyptus spp and 43% of indigenous hard woods. Recently, all new eucalyptus planting has been with hybrid Eucalyptus clones. In 2011 and 2012, 889 ha of new forest have been planted. Approximately 4,700 ha are plantable and 3,800 ha are set aside for conservation, 165 ha for roads and other infrastructure, with 500 ha set aside for community forest activities. Bukaleba was Green Resources’ first plantation in Uganda. Raw utility pole harvesting started in the form of ‘high thinning’ in 2007 for sale to a third party, and in 2009 we started harvesting for our own electricity pole plant, and recently some poorly stocked compartments were sold on the stump to third parties.

The plantation is almost fully planted up but there is still potential to improve the quality of the forest by replanting ca. 400 ha of the existing plantation. GR’s own nursery supplied the plantation with all its seedlings, as well as selling to third parties. The Bukaleba nursery became the first in Green Resources to produce its own hybrid Eucalyptus clones at the start of 2011.

It is located on a flat or slightly hilly area on the shore of Lake Victoria in Mayuge district, with good road conditions 120 km east of Kampala, the capital of Uganda, 40 km south-east of Jinja and 120 km from the Kenyan border, further to the East. Bukaleba is believed to be the second largest forest plantation in Uganda and is it located closer to the capital than any of the other large plantations and is the best located plantation for exports to Kenya. Jinja is an industrial centre of Uganda that has seen strong growth over the last ten years with several wood consuming industries: panel boards, vegetable oil production using firewood and steel production using charcoal. Green Resources has its own electricity pole and charcoal briquetting plants in Jinja and a charcoal plant and a small sawmill at Bukaleba. The sustainable charcoal project is destined for Program of Activity (POA) implementation, currently on-going to generate CERs as Component Program Activity (CPA).

Bukaleba is a Ugandan leader in eucalyptus, with a large proportion of the planting prior to 2005 been focused on eucalyptus. Furthermore, it is the oldest of the recently established plantations, and the early harvested wood will be supplied into a market with little competition from other plantation forests. Uganda is a land locked country where there are few overseas export opportunities. However, the local market has been growing fast and, as a result of this, Ugandan wood prices are among the very highest in the region. The plantation is well located for export to the neighboring countries in the Great Lakes region. Bukaleba became Uganda’s second FSC certified forest plantation in 2011. The company holds a renewable 50-year tree planting license, issued in 1996 by the National Forestry Authority (NFA) for 5,165 ha of the land in Bukaleba Central Forest Reserve. In 2007 the license area was expanded to include 4,000 ha of adjacent land originally licensed in 1996.

Pine is being grown for sawlogs on 20-year rotations with an expected MAI of 21 m3/ha/yr m3 per year and eucalyptus is being grown for utility poles on an average of 11 year rotations with an expected MAI of 26 m3/ha/yr per year. The growing conditions in Bukaleba are exceptionally good and it is expected that rotation will be reduced and MAI increased over the coming years. Bukaleba has received partial grant finance and technical support from the EU/Norway-funded Sawlog Production Grant Scheme for 1,000 ha forest.

Carbon

Bukaleba plantation was validated and verified under the VCS at the start of 2012, delivering 25,350 tCO2e of Net Verified Carbon Units(VCUs). GR is now marketing the credits and expects to have a sales agreement by December 2013. The project is expected to deliver 100,000 tCO2e from 2012 – 2015.

Community development

The plantation is located within an old forest reserve and rented from the Government. Thus, Green Resources Uganda does not have the same community development obligations as is the case in Mozambique and Tanzania. However, the company has provided medical equipment for health centers, expanded a dispensary, drilled two bore holes to provide drinking water, and supports female education by sponsoring girls through secondary education. With financial support from NORAD, the company has implemented HIV/AIDS awareness activities. Seedlings are given away to local communities along with basic training in tree establishment, but the relative high population density has lead to moderate uptake. The company is implementing Collaborative Forest Management(CFM) programme in three parishes coupled with training of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in organizational development. Training aimed at strengthening knowledge and skills of CBOs for livelihood improvements and sustainable resource management.

Bukaleba-Standing plantation by year of establishment
In ha Pine Euc Other species Total
1996-2010 2,548 543 102 3,193
2011 393 179 0 571
2012 238 87 0 324
2013 86 92 0 177
2014 183 162 0 345
2015 0 0 0 0
Total 3,447 1,062 102 4,611
In% 75% 23% 2% 100%