VCS: Reg. and issuing ID 142, July 2009
CCBS: Validated, October 2009
Carbon credits for 2012—2013 sold
Eucalyptus plantation, Mapanda
Co-ordinates: 8°29'16.08"S, 35°41'38.99"E
Altitude: 1,400m-1,760m
Average annual rainfall: 1,050mm
Mean temperature: 14°C
Main rains: December-April
Pine: 21m3/ha/yr MAI, 21 year rotation
Euca: 23m3/ha/yr MAI, 13 year rotation

The Mwenga plantation (including Mapanda) is located on top of the Mufindi Escarpment, in the Eastern corner of Mufindi district, Iringa region. The plantation was initially started in the villages of Chogo and Mapanda, but does now also include areas in Ukami village. To the west, the plantation borders Division IV of Sao Hill Forest Plantation (SHFP), a Government owned plantation of mature pine trees. SHFP is East Africa’s largest forest plantation. There are fast growing small-scale forest plantations owned by local farmers in the area around the well established parts of the Mgugwe plantation.

The Mgugwe plantation covers 16,228 ha, out of which at least 8,563 ha are plantable, with the remaining land is set aside for conservation and infrastructure. The net planted area to date is 3,667 in Mgugwe. The main pine species in the project are P. patula, P. caribaea, P. elliottii and P. taeda representing 82% of the total area planted. The main Eucalyptus species planted include E. camaldulensis, E. grandis, E. saligna and E. globulus representing 18% of the total area planted. The seedlings are supplied by Green Resources’ Mapanda nurseries, but in the future, some of the planting material will also be supplied from Green Resources modern Makungu nursery.

The plantation will produce pine for sawlog production, with a focus on high quality pruned pine logs. The plantation is located within 60-70 km from the main centre of the private sawmilling industry in Mufindi district, the largest in East Africa. The first significant volumes of logs coming from second thinnings are ready next year and these will processed at GR’s Sao Hill Industries (SHI), 80 km away. Following a doubling of the existing plantation, a separate sawmill will most likely be established for medium and large sawlogs within Mgugwe, while the small sawlogs still will be procesessed at SHI’s highly efficient small log HewSaw. Green Resources is in the process of establishing a 2,000 tons per year retort charcoal plant at Mapanda for start up in 2013, which will be fed with raw material from thinnings in Green Resources’ own forest and the many small private forests established around the Mwenga plantation.

The plantation is 80 km from the main tarmac road at Mafinga and 650 km by the main road to Dar es Salaam. Plantation altitude ranges from 1,400-1,760 m with an annual average rainfall of 1,050 mm and a rainy season falling between December and April. GRL was issued a 99-year renewable title deed for the Mapanda/Chogo plantation with a total area of 6,258 ha, while the remaining land is in the process of getting the final title deeds.

Mapanda forest, along with Uchindile, achieved FSC certification in 2008 and in 2009 the plantation was registered under the VCS and CCBS schemes together with the Uchindile plantation. The first registered VCS carbon credits worldwide were sold to the Carbon Neutral Company in 2010.

Pine is grown for sawn timber on 21 year rotations with an expected MAI of 21 m3/ha/yr, while Eucalyptus is grown for utility poles on 13 year rotations with an expected MAI of 23 m3/ha/yr. The current planting is expected to yield 122,000 m3 of wood products over the next 10 years.


GRL’s Mapanda plantation is part of the flagship Uchindile and Mapanda forest carbon project, which became the world’s first registered and verified forest project in 2009 and 2010, respectively. The project is reforesting 10,000 ha of land, with 3,000 ha coming from Mapanda and Chogo, whilst contributing to sustainable development in the region. It has so far issued and sold approximately 140,000 tCO2e of carbon credits with 40,000 from Mapanda. A carbon volume of more than 200,000 tCO2e is expected to be delivered from the project between 2012 – 2015 and sold to The CarbonNeutral Company, with 90,000 tCO2e from Mapanda. The project is validated under the CCBS, which certifies the project delivers net-positive benefits across these aspects. A CCBS verification will take place at the next VCS verification later this year. The project has shared 10% of the carbon revenues from the first carbon sale with local communities, which has been used for additional community development initiatives.

Community development

At Kihansi secondary school, teacher’s house accommodating four teachers has been constructed. Green Resources has expanded the dispensary, including a maternity ward washing facilities and a nurse’s house.

In Chogo Green Resources has doubled the capacity of the primary school, adding two classrooms and built the first teacher’s house. The company has also built a village hall with six offices. Green Resources has constructed over 20 kms of road and 4 bridges in Mapanda and Chogo villages.

Mwenga - Standing plantation by year of establishment
In ha Pine Euc Other species Total
1997-2010 2,559 645 6 3,210
2011 509 228 9 746
2012 177 66 0 243
2013 563 230 0 793
2014 731 212 0 943
2015 412 300 0 712
Total 4,952 1,680 15 6,647
In % 74% 25% 0% 100%