Green Resources’ Ugandan operations, Busoga Forestry Company (BFC) has two plantations in Uganda: Bukaleba and Kachung. Both plantations have been established within government-owned Central Forest Reserves that have been set aside for forest plantations.
The total area is 9,165 ha, out of which 4,310 ha is standing plantation forest comprising. The remaining areas are set aside for conservation, infrastructure, and 500 ha set aside for community forest activities. Bukaleba was Green Resources’ first plantation in Uganda. The plantation is almost fully planted up but there is still potential to improve the quality of the forest through. GR’s own nursery supplied the plantation with all its seedlings, as well as selling to third parties, and donating to local groups. Bukaleba is located on a flat or slightly hilly area on the shore of Lake Victoria in Mayuge district. There are good road conditions to Kampala, Jinja, and the Kenyan border. The plantation is well located for export to the neighbouring countries in the Great Lakes region. Bukaleba is one of the largest forest plantation in Uganda and is located closer to the capital than any of the other large plantations and is well located for exports to Kenya. Jinja is an industrial centre of Uganda that has seen strong growth over the last ten years with several wood consuming industries: panel boards, vegetable oil production using firewood and steel production using charcoal. Green Resources has its own electricity pole and charcoal briquetting plants in Jinja, and a charcoal plant and sawmill at Bukaleba. Bukaleba became Uganda’s second FSCTM certified forest plantation in 2011. The company holds a renewable 50-year tree planting license, issued in 1996 by the National Forestry Authority (NFA) for land in the Bukaleba Central Forest Reserve. In 2007 the license area was expanded to include 4,000 ha of adjacent land originally licensed in 1996.
Kachung plantation license area covers a total of 2,669 ha, of which approximately 2,050 ha are plantable with 546 ha set aside for conservation and 73 ha for infrastructure. The plantation focuses on sawlog and utility poles production. Kachung Forest is located in the Dokolo District, 30 km south of Lira. It has good road connections to Kampala, Kenya and South Sudan. The plantation is based on a tree planting permit issued by the National Forest Authority (Permit 4230) in 1999 and occupies most of the Kachung Central Forest Reserve. Kachung received FSCTM certification in 2011.
Bukaleba plantation was validated and verified under the VCS at the start of 2012. It sells the credits both directly, and through the Carbon Market Exchange.
Kachung Forest Project became the company’s first CDM project to be registered by the UNFCCC in 2011. The project was only the 5th A/R CDM project to be registered in Africa and was the first registered large-scale CDM project in Uganda. Carbon credits have been sold to the Swedish Energy Agency (SEA), with carbon contracted from 2012 through to 2032. The project was validated under the CCBA in 2011.
BFC’s plantations are located within forest reserves and rented from the Government. Thus, Green Resources Uganda does not have the same community development obligations as is the case in Mozambique and Tanzania. However, the company has provided medical equipment for health centers, expanded a dispensary, drilled two bore holes to provide drinking water, and supports female education by sponsoring girls through secondary education. With financial support from NORAD, the company has implemented HIV/AIDS awareness activities. Seedlings are given away to local communities along with basic training in tree establishment, but the relative high population density has led to moderate uptake. The company is implementing Collaborative Forest Management (CFM) programme in three parishes coupled with training of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in organizational development. Training aimed at strengthening knowledge and skills of CBOs for livelihood improvements and sustainable resource management. In Kachung BFC runs an efficient energy saving cooking stove project in 14 villages in collaboration with Agency for Rural Transformation (ART), a local NGO. The purpose of the project was to empower communities around the project with the skills to build efficient cooking stoves aiming at environmental conservation and mitigating and adapting to climate change.